Doris Wagner – Ph.D.

Doris Wagner – Ph.D.

Professor of Biology and Graduate Chair in Biology

Lab Website
http://web.sas.upenn.edu/wagner-lab

Faculty Website
http://www.bio.upenn.edu/people/doris-wagner

Contact Information
University of Pennsylvania School of Arts and Sciences
Department of Biology
103G Carolyn Lynch Laboratory
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: 215-898-0483
wagnerdo@sas.upenn.edu

 

Research Interest

Our research focuses on the reprogramming of cell identity and function during developmental transitions and in response to environmental inputs in plants. These sessile organisms are an excellent experimental system for our studies as they tailor their final form and cell function to a changing environment to optimize growth and survival. We have shown that key transcriptional factors, hormone response, and chromatin state together orchestrate key cell fate reprogramming in plants.

 

Contributions to Science

The role and Regulation of SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes in plants.

ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling can change the chromatin state by using the energy derived from ATP hydrolysis to alter histone/DNA interactions. We uncovered key roles for plant SWI/SNF subfamily remodelers in stem cell maintenance and in overcoming Polycomb repression for induction of the floral homeotic genes during flower patterning. Finally, an activity of one of the SWI/SNF remodelers, BRM, is modulated directly by signaling components of the stress hormone ABA for drought tolerance.

  •  Kwon, C.S., Chen, C., and Wagner, D. (2005). WUSCHEL is a primary target for transcriptional regulation by SPLAYED in dynamic control of stem cell fate in Arabidopsis. Genes Development 19, 992-1003.
  • Bezhani, S., Winter, C., Hershman, S., Wagner, J.D., Kennedy, J.F., Kwon, C.S., Pfluger, J., Su, Y., and Wagner, D. (2007). Unique, Shared, and Redundant Roles for the Arabidopsis SWI/SNF Chromatin Remodeling ATPases BRAHMA and SPLAYED. Plant Cell 19, 403-416.
  • Han, S.K., Sang, Y., Rodrigues, A., BIOL425F2010, B., Rodriquez, P.L. and Wagner, D. (2012) The SWI2/SNF2 chromatin remodeling ATPase BRAHMA represses Abscisic Acid Responses in the Absence of the Stress Stimulus in Arabidopsis, Plant Cell 24 4892-4906.
  • Wu, M.F., Sang, Y., Bezhani, S., Yamaguchi, N., Han, S.K., Li, Z., Su, Y., Slewinski, T.L., and Wagner, D. (2012). SWI2/SNF2 chromatin remodeling ATPases overcome polycomb repression and control floral organ identity with the LEAFY and SEPALLATA3 transcription factors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109, 3576-3581. (faculty 1000 recommended)
  • Peirats-Llobet, M., Han, S.K., Gonzalez-Guzman, M., Jeong, C.W., Rodriguez, L., Belda-Palazon, B., Wagner, D*., and Rodriguez, P.L*. (2016). A Direct Link between Abscisic Acid Sensing and the Chromatin-Remodeling ATPase BRAHMA via Core ABA Signaling Pathway Components. Mol Plant 9, 136-147. * corresponding authors

The switch to flower formation, a major developmental switch critical for reproductive success.

Plants generate different types of lateral organs (leaves, then branches and finally flowers) post-embryonically from stem cell descendants at the shoot apex. When flowers form is critical for plant reproductive success. Our research has established that the plant specific helix-turn-helix transcription factor LEAFY is a key regulator of the onset of flower formation. We showed that the regulatory network downstream of LFY is comprised of a set of interlocking feed-forward loops that together control the timing of the upregulation of the direct LFY target APETALA1, a commitment factor of floral fate. We further found that LFY also directly alters the hormone environment in newly formed primordia to promote floral fate.

  •  William, D.A., Su, Y., Smith, M.R., Lu, M., Baldwin, D.A., and Wagner, D. (2004). Genomic identification of direct target genes of LEAFY. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101, 1775-1780.
  • Yamaguchi, A., Wu, M.F., Yang, L., Wu, G., Poethig, R.S., and Wagner, D. (2009). The microRNA-regulated SBP-Box transcription factor SPL3 is a direct upstream activator of LEAFY, FRUITFULL, and APETALA1. Developmental Cell 17, 268-278. (faculty 1000 recommended)
  • Winter, C.M., Austin, R.S., Blanvillain-Baufume, S., Reback, M.A., Monniaux, M., Wu, M.F., Sang, Y., Yamaguchi, A., Yamaguchi, N., Parker, J.E., J.E., Parcy, F., Jensen, S.T., Li, H., Wagner, D. (2011). LEAFY Target Genes Reveal Floral Regulatory Logic, cis Motifs, and a Link to Biotic Stimulus Response. Developmental Cell 20, 430-443.
  • Yamaguchi, N., Winter, C., Wu, M-F., Kanno, Y., Yamaguchi, A., Seo, M., and Wagner, D. (2014) Gibberellin acts positively then negatively to control onset of flower formation in Arabidopsis. Science 344, 638-41. (faculty 1000 recommended) (Science editor’s choice).

Organogenesis and differentiation in response to hormonal cues

We have recently become interested in the question how hormone responses control organogenesis and differentiation. We have identified key targets of the mater transcriptional regulator of the auxin hormone response, AUXIN RESPONSE FACTO5/MONOPTEROS during organogenesis (flower primordium initiation) and uncovered an auxin hormone triggered chromatin state switch. In addition, we have elucidated how BRM together with leaf maturation transcription factors triggers leaf differentiation by lowering response to the hormone cytokinin.

  • Yamaguchi, N., Wu, M.-F., Winter, C., Berns, M., Nole-Wilson, S., Yamaguchi, A., Coupland, G., Krizek, B., and Wagner, D. (2013) Auxin-mediated Initiation of the Flower Primordium. Developmental Cell 24, 1–12. (faculty 1000 recommended)
  • Efroni, I., Han, S.K., Kim, H.Y., Wu, M.F., Sang, Y., Hong, J.C., Eshed, Y*., and Wagner, D*. (2013). Regulation of leaf maturation by chromatin-mediated modulation of hormonal responses. Developmental Cell. 24, 438-445. *corresponding authors
  • Wu, M-F, Yamaguchi, N., Xiao J., Bargmann, B. Estelle, M., Sang, Y. and Wagner, D. (2015) Auxin-regulated chromatin switch directs acquisition of flower primordium founder fate. eLife;4:e09269 (faculty 1000 recommended)

Polycomb silencing and recruitment in plants

Cell identity depends on silencing of unnecessary or detrimental gene expression programs. To understand the regulation of epigenetic gene silencing we have elucidated how Polycomb Repressive Complexes are targeted to developmental genes in plants. We have uncovered a genome-encoded recruitment mechanism very similar to that previously described in the fruitfly. Our studies pave the way to future epigenetic manipulation of desirable plant traits.

  • Xiao, J., and Wagner, D. (2015). Polycomb repression in the regulation of growth and development in Arabidopsis. Curr Opin Plant Biol 23, 15-24.
  • Bossi, F., Fan, J., Xiao, J., Chandra, L., Shen, M., Dorone, Y., Wagner, D., and Rhee, S.Y. (2017). Systematic discovery of novel eukaryotic transcriptional regulators using sequence homology independent prediction. BMC Genomics 18, 480.
  • Xiao, J., Jin, R., Yu, X., Shen, M., Wagner, J.D., Pai, A., Song, C., Zhuang, M., Klasfeld, S., He, C., Santos, A. M., Helliwell, C., Pruneda-Paz, J. L., Kay, S. A., Lin, X., Cui, S., Garcia, M. F., Clarenz, O., Goodrich, J., Zhang, X., Austin, R. S., Bonasio, R., Wagner, D. (2017). Cis and trans determinants of epigenetic silencing by Polycomb repressive complex 2 in Arabidopsis. Nat Genet.

 

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